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The Second Book of Moses

also called Exodus from the Latin

The 1st Chapter
     These are the names of the children of Israel, which came to Egypt with Jacob, every man with his household: Ruben, Simeon, Levi, Juda, Isachar, Zabulon, Ben Jamin, Dan, Nephtali, Gad and Aser. All the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob, were seventy and Joseph was in Egypt already. When Joseph was dead and all his brethren and all that generation: the children of Israel grew, increased, multiplied and waxed exceeding mighty: so that the land was full of them.
     Then there rose up a new king in Egypt which knew not Joseph. And he said unto his folk: behold the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we. Come on, let us play wisely with them: least they multiply, and then (if there chance any war) they join themselves unto our enemies and fight against us, and so get them out of the land.
     And he set taskmasters over them, to keep them under with burdens. And they built unto Pharao treasure cities: Phiton and Raamses. But the more they vexed them, the more they multiplied and grew: so that they abhorred the children of Israel. And the Egyptians held the children of Israel in bondage without mercy, and made their lives bitter unto them with cruel labor in clay and brick, and all manner work in the fields, and in all manner of service, which they caused them to work cruelly.
     And the king of Egypt said unto the midwives of the Hebrews women, of which the ones name was Sephora and the other Phua: when you midwife the women of the Hebrews and see in the birth time that it is a boy, kill it. But if it be a maid, let it live. Notwithstanding the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them: but saved the men children.
     Then the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said unto them: why have you dealt on this manner and have saved the men children? And the midwives answered Pharao, that the Hebrews women were not as the women of Egypt: but were sturdy women, and were delivered before the midwives came at them. And God therefore dealt well with the midwives. And the people multiplied and waxed very mighty. And because the midwives feared God, he made them houses.
     Then Pharao charged all his people saying: All the men children that are born, cast into the river and save the maid children alive.

The 2nd Chapter
     And there went a man of the house of Levi. And took a daughter of Levi. And
the wife conceived and bare a son. And when she saw that it was a proper child, she hid him three months long. And when she could no longer hide him, she took a basket of bulrushes and daubed it with slime and pitch, and laid the child therein, and put it in the flags (iris and cattails) by the rivers brink. And his sister stood afar off, to know what would come of it.
     And the daughter of Pharao came down to the river to wash herself, and her maidens walked along by the rivers side. And when she saw the basket among the flags, she sent one of her maids and caused it to be fetched. And when she had opened it she saw the child, and behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on it and said: it is one of the Hebrews children. Then said his sister unto Pharaos daughter: shall I go and call unto you a nurse of the Hebrews women, to nurse the child? And the maid ran and called the childs mother. Then Pharaos daughter said unto her. Take this child away and nurse it for me, and I will reward you for your labor. And the woman took the child and nursed it up.
     And when the child was grown, she brought it unto Pharaos daughter, and it was made her son, and she called it Moses, because (said she) I took him out of the water. And it happened in these days when Moses was waxed great, that he went out unto his brethren and looked on their burdens, and spied an Egyptian smiting one of his brethren an Hebrew. And he looked round about: and when he saw that there was no man by, he slew the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. And he went out another day: and behold, two Hebrews strove together. And he said unto him that did the wrong: wherefore smite you your neighbor? And he answered: who has made you a ruler or a judge over us? Intended you to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian? Then Moses feared and said: of a surety the thing is known. And Pharao heard of it and went about to slay Moses: but he fled from Pharao and dwelt in the land of Madian, and he sat down by a wells side.
     The priest of Madian had seven daughters which came and drew water and filled the troughs, for to water their fathers sheep. And the shepherds came and drove them away: But Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their sheep. And when they came to Raguel their father, he said: how happens it that you are come so soon today? And they answered: there was an Egyptian that delivered us from the shepherds, and so drew us water and watered the sheep. And he said unto his daughters: where is he? why have you left the man? Go call him that he may eat bread. And Moses was content to dwell with the man. And he gave Moses Zephora his daughter which bare a son, and he called him Gerson: for he said. I have been a stranger in a strange land. And she bare yet another son, whom he called Elieser saying: the God of my father is mine helper, and has rid me out of the hands of Pharao.
     And it chanced in process of time, that the king of Egypt died, and the children of Israel sighed by the reason of labor, and cried. And their complaint came up unto God from the labor. And God remembered his promise with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And God looked upon the children of Israel, and knew them.

The 3rd Chapter
     Moses kept the sheep of Jethro his father in law priest of Madian, and he drove the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, Horeb. And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of a bush. And he perceived that the bush burned with fire, and consumed not. Then Moses said: I will go there and see this great sight, how it comes that the bush burns not. And when the Lord saw that he came for to see, he called unto him out of the bush and said: Moses, Moses. And he answered: here am I. And he said: come not hither, but put your shoes off your feet: for the place whereon you stand is holy ground. And he said: I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
     Then the Lord said: I have surely seen the trouble of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry, which they have of their taskmasters. For I know their sorrow, and am come down to deliver them out of the hands of the Egyptians, and to bring them out of that land unto a good land and a large and unto a land that floweth with milk and honey: even unto the place of the Cananites, Hethites, Amorites, Pherezites, Hevites, and of the Jebusites. Now therefore behold, the complaint of the children of Israel is come unto me, and I have also seen the oppression, wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. But come, I will send you unto Pharao, that you may bring my people the children of Israel out of Egypt. And Moses said unto God: what am I to go to Pharao, and to bring the children of Israel out of Egypt? And he said: I will be with you. And this shall be a token unto you that I have sent you: after that you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God upon this mountain.
     Then said Moses unto God: when I come unto the children of Israel and say unto them, the God of your fathers has sent me unto you, and they say unto me, what is his name, what answer shall I give them? Then said God unto Moses: I will be what I will be: and he said, this shall you say unto the children of Israel: I will be did send me to you. And God spoke further unto Moses: thus shall you say unto the children of Israel: the Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob has sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial throughout all generations. Go therefore and gather the elders of Israel together and say unto them: the Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, appeared unto me, and said: I have been and seen both you and that which is done to you in Egypt. And I have said it, that I will bring you out of the tribulation of Egypt unto the land of the Cananites, Hethites, Amorites, Pherezites, Hevites and Jebusites: even a land that flows with milk and honey.
     If it come to pass that they hear your voice, then go, both you and the elders of Israel unto the king of Egypt, and say unto him: The Lord God of the Hebrews has met with us: Let us go therefore three days journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice unto the Lord our God. Notwithstanding I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, except it be with a mighty hand: yea and I will therefore stretch out mine hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do therein. And after that he will let you go. And I will get this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: so that when you go, you shall not go empty: but every wife shall borrow of her neighbouress and of her that sojourns in her house, jewels of silver and of gold and raiment. And you shall put them on your sons and daughters, and shall rob the Egyptians.

The 4th Chapter
     Moses answered and said: See, they will not believe me nor hearken unto my voice: but will say, the Lord has not appeared unto you. Then the Lord said unto him: what is that in your hand? and he said, a rod. And he said, cast it on the ground, and it turned unto a serpent. And Moses ran away from it. And the Lord said unto Moses: put forth your hand and take it by the tail. And he put forth his hand and caught it, and it became a rod again in his hand, that they may believe that the Lord God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob has appeared unto you.
     And the Lord said furthermore unto him: thrust your hand into your bosom. And he thrust his hand into his bosom and took it out. And behold, his hand was leprous even as snow. And he said: put your hand into your bosom again. And he put his hand into his bosom again, and plucked it out of his bosom, and behold, it was turned again as his other flesh. If they will not believe you neither hear the voice of the first token: yet will they believe the voice of the second token. But and if they will not believe the two signs neither hearken unto your voice, then take of the water of the river and pour it upon the dry land. And the water which you take out of the river shall turn to blood upon the dry land.
     And Moses said unto the Lord: Oh my Lord. I am not eloquent, no not in times past and namely since you have spoken unto your servant: but I am slow mouthed and slow tongued. And the Lord said unto him: who has made mans mouth, or who has made the dumb or the deaf, the seeing or the blind? have not I the Lord? Go therefore and I will be with your mouth and teach you what you shall say. But he said: Oh my Lord, send I pray you whom you will. And the Lord was angry with Moses and said: I know Aaron your brother the Levite that he can speak. And moreover behold, he comes out to meet you, and when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart. And you shall speak unto him and put the words in his mouth, and I will be with your mouth and with his mouth, and will teach you what you shall do. And he shall be your spokesman unto the people: he shall be your mouth, and you shall be his God: and take this rod in your hand, wherewith you shall do miracles.
     And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in law again and said unto him: let me go (I pray you) and turn again unto my brethren which are in Egypt, that I may see whether they be yet alive. And Jethro said to Moses: go in peace. And the Lord said unto Moses in Madian: return again into Egypt for they are dead which went about to kill you. And Moses took his wife and his sons and put them on an ass, and went again to Egypt, and took the rod of God in his hand.
     And the Lord said unto Moses: when you are come into Egypt again, see that you do all the wonders before Pharao which I have put in your hand: but I will harden his heart, so that he shall not let the people go. And tell Pharao, thus says the Lord: Israel is mine eldest son, and therefore says unto you: let my son go, that he may serve me. If you will not let him go: behold, I will slay your eldest son.
     And it chanced by the way in the inn, that the Lord met him and would have killed him. Then Zepora took a stone and circumcised her son, and fell at his feet, and said: a bloody husband are you unto me. And he let him go. She said a bloody husband, because of the circumcision. Then said the Lord unto Aaron: go meet Moses in the wilderness. And he went and met him in the mount of God and kissed him. And Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord which he had sent by him, and all the tokens which he had charged him withal. So went Moses and Aaron and gathered all the elders of the children of Israel. And Aaron told all the words which the Lord had spoken unto Moses, and did the miracles in the sight of the people, and the people believed. And when they heard that the Lord had visited the children of Israel and had looked upon their tribulation, they bowed themselves, and worshiped.

The 5th Chapter
     Then Moses and Aaron went and told Pharao, thus says the Lord God of Israel. Let my people go, that they may keep holy day unto me in the wilderness. And Pharao answered: what fellow is the Lord, that I should hear his voice for to let Israel go? I know not the Lord, neither will let Israel go. And they said: the God of the Hebrews has met with us: let us go (we pray you) three days journey into the desert, that we may sacrifice unto the Lord our God: least he smite us either with pestilence or with sword. Then said the king of Egypt unto them: wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their work? get you unto your labor. And Pharao said furthermore: behold there is much people in the land, and you make them play and let their work stand.
     And Pharao commanded the same day unto the taskmasters over the people, and unto the officers saying: see that you give the people no more straw to make brick withal, as you did in time past: let them go and gather them straw themselves, and the number of bricks which they were wont to make in time past, lay unto their charge also, and minish nothing thereof. For they be idle and therefore cry saying: let us go and do sacrifice unto our God. They must have more work laid upon them, that they may labor therein, and then will they not turn themselves to false words.
     Then went the taskmasters of the people and the officers out and told the people saying: Thus says Pharao: I will give you no more straw, but go yourselves and gather you straw where you can find it, yet shall none of your labor be minished. Then the people scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt for to gather them stubble to be instead of straw.
     And the taskmasters hasted them forward saying: fulfil your work day by day, even as when straw was given you. And the officers of the children of Israel which Pharaos taskmasters had set over them, were beaten. And it was said unto them: wherefore have you not fulfilled your task in making brick, both yesterday and today, as well as in times past?
     Then went the officers of the children of Israel and complained unto Pharao saying: wherefore deal you thus with your servants? there is no straw given unto your servants, and yet they say unto us: make brick. And lo, your servants are beaten, and your people is foul entreated. And he answered: idle are you idle, and therefore you say: let us go and do sacrifice unto the Lord. Go therefore and work, for there shall no straw be given you, and yet see that you deliver the whole tale of brick.
     When the officers of the children of Israel saw themselves in shrewd case (in that he said you shall minish nothing of your daily making of brick) then they met Moses and Aaron standing in their way as they came out from Pharao, and said unto them: The Lord look unto you and judge, for you have made the savour of us stink in the sight of Pharao and of his servants, and have put a sword into their hands to slay us.
     Moses returned unto the Lord and said: Lord wherefore deal you cruelly with this people: and wherefore have you sent me? For since I came to Pharao to speak in your name, he has fared foul with this folk, and yet you have not delivered your people at all, Then the Lord said unto Moses. Now shall you see what I will do unto Pharao, for with a mighty hand shall he let them go, and with a mighty hand shall he drive them out of his land.

The 6th Chapter
     And God spoke unto Moses saying unto him: I am the Lord, and I appeared unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob an almighty God: but in my name Jehovah was I not known unto them. Moreover I made an appointment with them to give them the land of Canaan: the land of their pilgrimage wherein they were strangers. And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, because the Egyptians keep them in bondage, and have remembered my promise.
     Wherefore say unto the children of Israel: I am the Lord, and will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and will rid you out of their bondage, and will deliver you with a stretched out arm and with great judgements. And I will take you for my people and will be to you a God. And you shall know that I am the Lord your God which brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. And I will bring you unto the land over the which I did lift up my hand to give it unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and will give it unto you for a possession: even I the Lord. And Moses told the children of Israel even so: But they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit and for cruel bondage. And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: Go and bid Pharao king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land. And Moses spoke before the Lord saying: behold, the children of Israel hearken not unto me, how then shall Pharao hear me? seeing that I have uncircumcised lips. And the Lord spoke unto Moses and Aaron and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel and unto Pharao king of Egypt: to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt. These be the heads of their fathers houses. The children of Ruben the eldest son of Israel are these: Hanoh, Pallu, Hezron, Charmi, these be the householders of Ruben. The children of Simeon are these: Gemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Saul the son of a Cananitish wife: these are the kindreds of Simeon. These are the names of the children of Levi in their generations: Gerson, Kahas and Merari. And Levi lived an hundred and thirty seven years. The sons of Gerson: Libni and Semei in their kindreds. The children of Kahas: Amram, Jesear, Hebron and Usiel. And Kahas lived an hundred and thirty three years. The children of Merari are these: Maheli and Musi: these are the kindreds of Levi in their generations.
     And Amram took Jochebed his niece to wife which bare him Aaron and Moses. And Amram lived an hundred and thirty seven years. The children of Jezear: Korah, Nepheg and Sichri. The children of Usiel: Misael, Elzaphan and Sithri.
     And Aaron took Elizaba daughter of Aminadab and sister of Nahason, to wife: which bare him Nadab, Abehu, Eleazar and Ithamar. The children of Korah: Assir, Elkana and Abiassaph: these are the kindreds of the Korahites. And Eleazar Aarons son took him one of the daughters of Putuel to wife: which bare him Pinehas: these be the principal fathers of the Levites in their kindreds.
     These are that Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said: carry the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, with their armies. These are that Moses and Aaron which spoke to Pharao king of Egypt, that they might bring the children of Israel out of Egypt. And in the day when the Lord spoke unto Moses in the land of Egypt, he spoke unto him saying, I am the Lord, see that you speak unto Pharao the king of Egypt all that I say unto you. And Moses answered before the Lord: I am of uncircumcised lips, how shall Pharao then give me audience?

The 7th Chapter
     And the Lord said unto Moses: behold, I have made you Pharaos God, and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet. You shall speak all that I command you and Aaron your brother shall speak unto Pharao: that he send the children of Israel out of his land. But I will harden Pharaos heart, that I may multiply my miracles and my wonders in the land of Egypt. And yet Pharao shall not hearken unto you, that I may set mine hand upon Egypt and bring out mine armies, even my people the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, with great judgements. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord when I have stretched forth my hand upon Egypt, and have brought out the children of Israel from among them.
     Moses and Aaron did as the Lord commanded them. And Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty three when they spoke unto Pharao. And the Lord spoke unto Moses and Aaron saying: when Pharao speaks unto you and says: show a wonder, then shall you say unto Aaron, take the rod and cast it before Pharao, and it shall turn to a serpent. Then went Moses and Aaron in unto Pharao, and did even as the Lord had commanded. And Aaron cast forth his rod before Pharao and before his servants, and it turned to a serpent. Then Pharao called for the wise men and enchanters of Egypt: and they did in like manner with their sorcery. And they cast down every man his rod, and they turned to serpents: but Aarons rod ate up their rods: and yet for all that Pharaos heart was hardened, so that he hearkened not unto them, even as the Lord had said. Then said the Lord unto Moses: Pharaos heart is hardened, and he refuses to let the people go. Get you unto Pharao in the morning, for he will come unto the water, and stand you upon the rivers brink against he come, and the rod which turned to a serpent take in your hand. And say unto him: the Lord God of the Hebrews has sent me unto you saying: let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness: but hitherto you would not hear. Wherefore thus says the Lord: hereby you shall know that I am the Lord. Behold, I will smite with the staff that is in mine hand upon the waters that are in the river, and they shall turn to blood. And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink: so that it shall grieve the Egyptians to drink of the water of the river.
     And the Lord spoke unto Moses, say unto Aaron: take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, rivers, ponds and all pools of water, that they may be blood, and that there may be blood in all the land of Egypt: both in vessels of wood and also of stone.
     And Moses and Aaron did even as the Lord commanded. And he lifted up the staff and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharao and in the sight of his servants, and all the water that was in the river, turned into blood. And the fish that was in the river died, and the river stank: so that the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river. And there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
     And the enchanters of Egypt did likewise with their enchantments, so that Pharaos heart was hardened and did not regard them as the Lord had said. And Pharao turned himself and went into his house, and set not his heart thereunto. And the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink, for they could not drink of the water of the river. And it continued a week after that the Lord had smite the river.


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